This diagram shows the losses when tacit knowledge is converted to explicit knowledge:
Here are ways we build our own tacit knowledge from explicit knowledge that we read:
Corresponding KM tools are in the pink and light blue callouts.
In learning certain skills, reading a manual may be incomplete or inadequate. For example, in riding a bicycle the usual learning sequence is: observe – practice, or observe – practice with coaching. I further improved the first figure above by including “demonstrate” and the second figure by including practice “with coaching” (thanks to two suggestions from Charlie Dibsdale).
The figures include the comments for improvement from Silva Ferretti (thanks Silva!). If you have other comments or suggestions for improvement, please post it here.
You can use these diagrams for non-commercial purposes but please give CCLFI acknowledgement each time you show or use it. CCLFI is the KM, OL (=organizational learning) and KBD (=knowledge-based development) advocacy, training and consulting organization I belong to.